عربي

 

1) Arabic Calligraphy Between the Calligraphers and the Programmers

Symposium Members:

Prof. Dr. Mustafa Jad al-Haqq Prof. Dr. Abdullah Abdou Fatini
Eng. Naif Abdullah al-Rajihi Mr. Taj al-Sirr Hasan Sayyid Ahmad
Moderator: Dr. Ahmad Ahmad al-Shami

 

CVs OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE SYMPOSIUM

(1)

Name: Prof Dr Mustafa Jad al-Haqq Muhammad Mustafa
Nationality: Egyptian
Date of Birth: 1961
Qualifications: PhD in Typification and Simulation
Current Job: Professor of computer scienceand informatiics in ‘Ain Shams University
Major Works:
  • He has numerous research articles in the field of Type Recognition published in number of prominent local and international journals and conferences.
  • His research interest covers Type Recognition, electronic recognition of Arabic, , digital processing of  pictures and speech, and  data security.
  • Worked as a visiting professor at Taybah University in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah,  and University  of Louisville in the United States of America.

(2)

Name: أ. د.  عبدالله عبده فتيني. (ذُكر في المحاضرات)

 

(3)

Name: Naif Abdullah al-Rajhi
Nationality: Saudi
Date of Birth: 1399 AH
Qualifications:
  • Bachelor in Languages.
  • Diploma in programming (linux).
Current Job: Professor of Computer Science  and Informattics in ‘Ain Shams University
Major Works: Participated in number of development research works like:
1- Execution of the Arabic Digital Writings Project (Kacst Font)
2- Designing number of Arabic Digital fonts and developing them
3- Designing Arabic Symbols for Mathematics and Arabic Audio Writing letters
4- Participated in the project for developing and Arabicizing the LINUX OPERATING SYSTEMS and open origin programmes
5- Participated in the Machine Appraiser for Arabic Composition Project

 

(4)

Name: Taj al-Sirr Hasan Sayyid Ahmad
Nationality: Sudanese
Date of Birth: 1954
Qualifications: MA in fine arts and designing
Current Job: Designer of publications in the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Social Development in UAE
Major Works: Participation in reviving the Art of Arabic Calligraphy in UAE for 22 years
• Founding member and editor of Huruf Arabiyyah Journal
• Taught and lectured on Calligraphy, Design and Printing.
• Received 13 international awards
• He wrote many articles and studies on Arabic Calligraphy and Arabic printing like:
1- Arabic Letters:  in the printed and manuscript books
2- The Arabic Letters in printing
3- Won 13 internationa awards.

 

SUBJECTS OF THE SYMPOSIUM

1st Topic:
  • The Art of Arabic writing: Rules and Fundamentals.
  • History of the development of Arabic Calligraphy.
  • Rules and fundamentals that help in Arabic writing programming.
2nd Topic:
  • Towards a complete automation of the Arabic calligraphy.
  • Arabic Calligraphy automation: achievements and challenges.
  • Arabic Calligraphy programmings: merits and defects

 

2) The Beauties of Arabic Calligraphy in Writing the Mushaf: Its Concept, Components and Features
MEMBERS OF THE SYMPOSIUM
Pro. Dr. Minwir ibn Thamir al-Muhayyid Pro. Dr. Idham Muhammad Hanash
Moderator: Prof. Dr. Yahya Mahmud Junaid
CVs OF THE PARTICIPANTS

(1)

Name: Prof Dr.Minwir Thamir al-Muhayyid
Nationality: Saudi
Date of Birth:  
Qualifications: PhD in Engineering Ratios in Islamic Arts and Architecture
Current Job: Consultant to HH Prince Ghazi ibn Muhammad, and Director-General of the Royal Complex for Researches in Islamic Civilization, Jordan
Major Works:
  • Director of the Glorious Mushaf Project.
  • Consultant to the Waqf Taibah for Islamic Heritage.
  • Executed the design of many building projects like the Salahuddeen minbar in the al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • Designed, supervised and executed a number of buildings in Jordan, Saudi and other places based on the basis of Islamic architectural Principles
  • Amongst his most prominent achievements is the designing and establishment of the first official academic institution for Hhigher Education in Islamic Arts and Architecture in the Arab World.
  • Received numerous awards on some of his architectural projects.

(2)

Name: Prof Dr Idham Muhammad Hanash
Nationality: Iraqi
Date of Birth: 1961
Qualifications: PhD
Current Job: Professor in the International Islamic Sciences University, Jordan
Major Works: He has a number of publications and research studies like:
1- Unity and Diversity: the concept and theory in Islamic Art
2- Grades of Calligraphers (Edited work)
3- The Arabic Calligraphy and the Definitions of the technical terminology
4- The Arabic Calligraphy and the problem of technical terminology
5- The Arabic Calligraphy in Ottoman documents
TOPICS OF THE SYMPOSIUM
1st Topic: The beauty of the calligraphy of the Mushaf: the Concept, the structure and characteristics:
The structural beauty of the Mushaf calligraphy is basically based on what is called al-handasah al-fadilah which is concerned with the values of ratio and empirical and aesthetic  tafadul, vowels and structure in the nature of things and their symbolic reality in both abstract and physical, no matter the variance between these things in size, form, substance and nature.
From this point, the best calligraphy is considered to be the one based on al-nisbah al-fadilah and al-nisbah al-fudla. So the best style of calligraphy for writing the Glorious Qur’an is the Mansub Style. That is because of its  aesthetic structure compatible with the inner comfort and its acceptance in satisfying the visual need, functional sufficiency and good impact.
On the plane of the  aesthetic characteristics of the calligraphy of  Glorious Mushaf, we can distinguish some of them such as the following:Exalting the Mushaf Calligraphy (by improving its writing, and making it clear by enlarging its letters as in the Imam Mushaf)

- Illuminating it (by removing  its obscurities and preventing ambiguities in it with the help of proper vocalization and doting).
- Proper execution of its writing (by adhering to the artistic rules and regulations of writing)
- Its variety (which can be described as the essence of this art because a number of Mushaf writings have been known through the history)
- Its aesthetic appreciation (by perfecting and beatifying the writing)
- Innovation in writing the Mushaf (as done by the creative calligraphers like ibn al-Bawwab, and Yaqut al-Musta’simi and some Ottoman calligraphers)

2nd Topic: The beauty of the written word  and its artistic tradition in writing the Glorious Mushaf:
This beauty of written word is based on three major components: good form, good placing and good vocalization.  The artistic tradition is represented in the general artistic trend, which is original, inherited, varying in methods and regulations, clear and outstanding in selecting one or more  types from the Glorious Mushaf writings. The most outstanding of all these artistic traditions  is in the methods and rules relating to each of the following  styles of writings:
Al-Jazm, the first style of Mushaf writing:  it is the one called al-Kufi style of writing, which we find in its early forms in the Mushaf al-Imam, and its other later types in the Mushafs of later first four centuries AH.
- Al-Muhaqqiq: it is the style found masahif written in the Mansub Style of writing. Its early features became distinct in the al-aqlam al-sittah. Then what is known as the Mushaf Style of writing emerged for the first time. It has its artistic characteristics very close to those of Thuluth, Muhaqqiq, Rayhani, Riqa’ and Naskh styles.
- The Naskh Style of writing which the Ottoman calligraphers made a functional, artistic and intellectual basis for writing the Glorious Mushaf, to the extent it  that was referred to as the Servant of the Glorious Qur’an.

 

3) The King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex’s Project for Computer Writings Compatible with the Madinah Mushaf.
MEMBERS OF THE SYMPOSIUM
Pro. Dr. Izuddin Lazraq Mr. Ali Abdullah Barnawi
Eng. Walid Naïf al-Uzaymi’ Mr. Ishfaq Niyazi
Moderator: Dr. Baha Khairi Ibrahim
CVs OF THE PARTICIPANTS

(1)

Name: Prof Dr Izuddin Lazraq
Nationality: Moroccan
Date of Birth: 1961
Qualifications: PhD  in  Informatics
Current Job: Professor in the higher education in computer science, al-Qadi Iyad university, Morocco
Major Works: - Developing digital writings for Arabic arithmetical symbols and alphabet
- Collecting  the symbols used the Glorious Mushaf
- Studying the placement of the ‘Ijam dots on the letters and lengthening the vowel signs in computer writings.
- Treating the parallel margin of the Arabic text
- He also has numerous publications in the field of computer
- An expert and  consultant in his specialization to many bodies

(2)

Name: Ali Abdullah Barnawi
Nationality: Saudi
Date of Birth: 1382 AH
Qualifications: General Secondary School
Current Job: Director of the Computer Department in King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex
Major Works: - King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex’s website: a working paper
- Efforts of King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex in using modern technologies in the Service of  the Glorious Qur’an’ a working paper
- The suggestion of launching the Complex’s  website and supervising it.
- The suggestion to prepare a computer software containing the translations  of the meanings of the Glorious Qur’an into different languages (al-Fatihah and Juz’ ‘Amma). This has been achieved in three languages so far.

(3)

Name: Walid al-Uzaymi’
Nationality: Kuwaiti
Date of Birth: 1392 AH
Qualifications: Masters in Programme Engineering
Current Job: Programmer in the research and development unit in the computer Departmentn of King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex
Major Works: - Creating and Processing computer fonts.
- The Programming and the development of the website for pdf files of the Complex’s publications
- The programming and the  development of the website for computer fonts.
- Creating the software for electronic comparison of copies and pages of the Glorious Mushaf
- Creating Glorious Mushaf database
- The building of the mushaf writings generator

(4)

Name: Ishfaq Ahmad Ghulam Jeelani Niyazi
Nationality: Pakistani
Date of Birth: 1964
Qualifications: Diploma from Islamic College, Lahore
Current Job: Programmer of computer fonts in the Research and Development Unit of the Computer Department of  King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex
Major Works: - The designing and development of computer fonts for the Mushaf according to the readings of Hafs, Qalun and al-Duri for the Complex
- Designing and development of Naskh Style of writing based on the writing  of Dr. Taha Abdou, the Mushaf calligrapher for the Complex
- Designing and development of  the Mudrajat Style of writing for the Complex
- Design and development of the Urdu Nastaliq Style of writingThe King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex’s
- Project for Computer Fonts Compatible with the Madinah Mushaf
TOPICS OF THE SYMPOSIUM
1st Topic: The Role of King Fahd Glorious Qur’an Printing Complex in Supporting Computer technologies related to Computer Fonts for the Glorious Mushaf
2nd Topic: The Complex’s Efforts in Adding Some Signs of the Uthmanic Orthography  to the International symbolization (UNICODE)
3rd Topic: Experimentation of creating computer fonts from photographic copies of the  pages of the Mushaf
4th Topic: The Complex’s experiment in producing computer fonts  for the Glorious Mushaf text in different readings  compatible with the standard system (UNICODE)